Drug Testing Services in Sacramento

Urine testing




Urine Drug Testing

Urine Drug Testing There are basically two types of urine screening processes. The first one is called, “immunoassay”, and it is cost-effective and gives quick results. However, it has its drawbacks like, all opioids can’t be detected it and false positives are detected sometimes. The second one is Gas chromatography or Mass spectrometry (GC/MS). GC/MS tests are comparatively are more expensive and the results take a long time to come, but they rarely detect false positives.
DOT requires lab testing; but for non-DOT purposes, we provide Instant Drug Testing from a urine specimen. It can be performed for panel of 5 drugs, or for panel of 10 drugs.

Drugs tested in 10-panel:

  • Cocaine
  • Amp
  • M-Amp: Meth-Amphetamine
  • THC
  • MTD: Methadone
  • OPI: Opiates
  • Oxy: OxyContin
  • Bar: Barbiturates
  • BZO: Benzodiazepines
  • BPU: Benzoylphenylurea

Drugs tested in 5-panel:

  • THC: Marijuana
  • OPI: Opiates
  • PCP: Phencyclidine (white powder, crystal)
  • COC: Cocaine
  • AMP: Amphetamine

Hair Drug Testing

Hair testing is a new age tool for the detection of, drug and alcohol abuse by an individual. The complete history of one’s drug and alcohol abuse can be determined, due to the biomarkers trapped in the hair fibers. If the strand is collected close to the scalp, it can determine the history of the past 3 months of alcohol and drug abuse.

  • Drug and alcohol biomarkers in the scalp hair, take 1-7 days to appear after usage.
  • Hair samples are easy to collect and difficult to modify.
  • 200 strands of scalp hair, equal to about 100 mg, is the ideal sample for screening.
  • For an EtG Test or any test above the 10-panel screening, 150 mg specimen is recommended.
  • The specimen should be weighed on a jeweler's scale.
  • If not the scalp hair, then equal amount of other body hair may be collected.

DNA Testing

DNA testing is a powerful tool for a person’s identification and has many applications, such as:

  • Parental testing - For declaring the biological parent of a child
  • Forensic testing - For identifying suspects or victims in an investigation
  • Gene therapy - For determining genetic conditions or birth defects in an unborn baby, or its parents
  • Genetic genealogy - For exploring someone's ancestry

Each cell in one’s body contains the complete set of his DNA and carries the genetic code, made up of 3 billion pairs. 99.9% of DNA from two different people is identical and the remaining 0.1% varies from person to person and contains the respective genetic markers.

DNA testing looks for the similarities in genetic markers, from different biological samples. The sample can be from almost anywhere in the body, such as skin, hair follicles, blood or other bodily fluids.

There is always a small chance that two different people's genetic markers could be the same, especially if they are related and to reduce the chances of error, more than one genetic marker is tested. The chances of two unrelated people having an identical DNA profile, is less than one in a billion.

Pre-Employment Physicals

Pre-employment physicals are commonly used by employers to screen a potential hire for drug and alcohol abuse, in order to maintain a drug-free and workplace and to ensure employee safety. This preventive step mitigates the risks of any drug-related accidents at the workplace. There are various different methods used for conducting pre-employment physicals. Urine tests are the most common of them all, but hair, nail clippings, blood, or saliva can also be used for testing purposes. Test requirements vary with the cost and the time frame of every respective test. While a urine drug test screens for recent drug abuse, a hair drug test can provide the history of drug abuse done before 30 days and up to 6 months. A pre-employment physical examination usually screens for the following five drugs:

  • Amphetamines (meth, speed, crack & ecstasy)
  • THC (cannabinoids, marijuana & hash)
  • Cocaine (coke & crack)
  • Opiates (heroin, opium, codeine & morphine)
  • Phencyclidine (PCP & Angel dust)


Spirometry is an easy test done to diagnose about the functioning of lungs and is often done as part of pulmonary function tests. This test is done to check the airflow in your lungs, therefore before taking this test:

  • Large meals should be avoided, so it is easier to breathe.
  • Smoking should not be done
  • Loose clothing should be worn, which won't interfere with breathing.

Spirometry tests help diagnose the following conditions:

  • COPD
  • Asthma
  • Restrictive lung disease (such as pulmonary fibrosis)
  • Chronic bronchitis
  • Emphysema

If you have previously been diagnosed with some chronic lung disorder, spirometry can be used for periodic check-ups of your breathing. Spirometry may also be done before a certain surgeries to check if, your lungs are fit enough for the operation. Additionally, spirometry is also used for occupation screening.

Spirometry procedure

A spirometry test takes around 15 minutes and in this procedure,
  • Both your nostrils would be closed and a breathing mask would be placed on your mouth
  • Then you take a deep breath, hold it for a few seconds, and then exhale
  • You will repeat this at least three times to ensure consistent results
  • A bronchodilator may be used, in the cases with breathing disorders

Spirometry is an upcoming test and is one of the latest innovations in medical industry. It is coming soon and would be made available with the best in-class equipment.

Call (916)-550-0350 or click to schedule your appointment.